English bulldog mastiff | Bullmastiff – A complete guide

English bulldog mastiff

English Bulldog Mastiff mix are large sized dogs known as Bullmastiff who were bred by English hunters as guard dogs for their estates. They have broad head, solid build and a dominating presence.

Bulldog Mastiff mix or bullmastiff got the size from the English Mastiff who were large but not aggressive enough. And the firm, agile & brave attitude from the old English Bull Dog. They were cross bred with a division of 60 percent Mastiff and 40 percent Bulldog.

Bulldog Mastiff mix are silent dogs and hence they bark rarely. They are very brave, confident and loyal to their family.


History of Bullmastiff

Bullmastiff were originally bred around 1860’s by mixing Old English Bull dog (now extinct) and English Mastiff to have the perfect large and courageous dog having agility to catch the poachers.

They soon became quite popular among the gamekeepers (professional hunters who used to play games and have dog shows) and were known as Gamekeeper’s Night-Dog. Slowly poaching declined and they were started to be used as Guard dogs.

In the early 20th century, they were started to be bred as a pure breed with the name of Bullmastiff. In 1924, England’s Kennel Club recognized the breed. Few years later, they were registered as a pure breed in 1934 by the American Kennel Club (AKC). They currently rank 51 in the popularity list among the 195 registered dog breeds.

English Bulldog Mastiff – Temperament

English Bulldog Mastiff mix is a fearless and confident dog who is loyal to his owner. They have natural instincts of a protector. They don’t bark much and hence are also called as “Silent dogs”.

Bullmastiff will stand firm to the strangers and protect at the same time they are quite loving and affectionate to the family. They are also calm and friendly with the family they live with. They are loved as a companion dog who are sometimes called as gentle giant of canine world.

Bulldog mastiff mix can be aggressive to other dogs specifically males and can injure them. They should be socialized and trained early.

Once grown up, they can live the day alone if both parents are out at office. They don’t have much of exercise requirement as well. They also do not shed much and are apartment friendly dogs if properly trained.

English bulldog mastiff as family dog

English bulldog Mastiff or Bullmastiff is a large, muscular dog. They are quite loyal who would protect his family with a natural instinct of being the guardian of the home.

Bullmastiff don’t bark much and are also called as “Silent Watchdog”. They don’t need much of an exercise and would love to lie down on the couch. Once grown up, they are good to be left alone for some time for a family at work. They are also one of the few large sized Apartment friendly dogs.

Would you like to know of more apartment friendly dogs – https://www.yourdogsworld.com/b/best-dogs-for-apartment-living/

Though there is some thing you should know about them before making your mind, they are heavy droolers. So if you can’t imagine yourself wiping then this may not be the dog for you.

Further, you should be cautious if you are having small children or pets at your home. Kids may not be mature enough to treat this large dog with respect and as with any large dog, care should be taken.

With pets as well like cats they may sometimes go with their instincts and chase them subverting the training and hence if your have pets, you may avoid him.

If you have made up your mind and looking for a very loyal, couch friendly large dog then this is a great protective companion for the family.

English bulldog mastiff

Bullmastiff – Physical Characteristics

English Bulldog Mastiff mix is a large sized dog having strong and muscular body. They have a broad head and deep chest. They have broad and deep muzzle. The tail of the bullmastiff is set high with a thick base tapering to a point. It may be straight or curved. Ears of bullmastiff are folded and V shaped.

They have a short dense coat and shed less and typically come in Brindle, Fawn or Red color. Occasionally they may have a white patch at the neck. Their coat provides good protection from weathers like rain, snow or cold.

A full grown English Bulldog Mastiff mix can grow to a height of 25 to 27 inches with weight averaging around 110 to 130 pounds. They have a relatively short life expectancy of 8 to 10 years.

Bull Mastiff
Source: Flickr

Care required


Bullmastiff are recommended to have high quality dog food that should be light in calorie as they might get over weight.

As per dogtime, bullmastiff are recommended to have 3 1/8 to 4 1/8 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals. The feeding amount can vary based on the age, size and activity level of the dog.

Take the advise of Vet if needed who can advise based on the age, size and build of the dog.


English Bulldog Mastiffs doesn’t shed much. They have short and dense coat that comes in red, fawn or brindle color. They are one of the easiest dog breed to groom. You can easily clean them with a brush. Daily brushing will also help to make the bonding between you and bullmastiff.

Bathing him should only be when needed. Frequent bathing may result in drying up of natural oils and that may lead to dry skin and other skin related ailments. Keep checking his nails as well. Long nails may lead to discomfort in walking.

You will also need to clean the dog wrinkles. Check out below –

Looking for more dogs that don’t shed much – https://www.yourdogsworld.com/dogs-that-do-not-shed/


Bullmastiff would need couple of short daily walks. They are not for folks who would like to have a running companion. Instead they would be a good company for short strolls.

Bulldog mastiff mix are not high energy dogs and hence they do well in houses with a yard as well as in apartments. They are prone to over heating and hence ensure that you have enough space where they can cool down. Avoid exercising in the direct sunlight.


Bullmastiff are large dogs with powerful body who can be aggressive to other dogs. They must be trained and socialized with other humans and pets since beginning. They learn the training commands quickly as they are quite intelligent.

English Bulldog Mastiff mix also have their own independent thinking. This may make training a bit difficult as they can become a bit obstinate. Firm, positive and consistent training is required for them.

Bullmastiff Health

English Bulldog Mastiff mix is generally a healthy breed but may suffer from some common dog health issues. It is important to screen the puppy with a vet before you adopt him. Some common ailments that they are prone to are:

Cancer – Just like humans, cancer can develop in dogs as well. Bullmastiff are prone to lymphosarcoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and mast cell tumors.

Bloat – This is a life threatening medical condition that is prone to large deep chested dogs like English Bulldog Mastiff mix. Dog parents must be aware of this so they know what is needed if an unfortunate situation happens.

This is a condition when stomach of the dog is distended with gas or air and then twists. Dog is not able to vomit the extra air and goes in shock due to lowering of blood pressure. Immediate medical intervention is required.

Care must be taken not to give one large meal and instead divide it into two or three meals in a day. Be vigilant that dog is not eating rapidly. Do not give large volumes of water to drink after eating. Exercise just after eating should also be avoided. Feeding on raised platform is best so dog doesn’t need to try bending down to eat. 

Hip Dysplasia – This is a medical condition which a dog can inherit. In this, the thigh bone doesn’t fit properly into the hip joints. This may be painful in some dogs and in others it can get unnoticed until arthritis develops in old age. Dogs with hip dyspepsia should be neutered as this can be passed onto dogs offspring.

Elbow Dysplasia – This is also a painful medical condition in the elbow joint.

Hypothyroidism – This is a medical condition in which thyroid hormone is not produced as required. This may lead to infertility, obesity, mental dullness, and lack of energy. Symptoms of this includes bullmastiff coat to become coarse and brittle.

Aortic Stenosis – This is also an inheritable medical condition in which the defect in the aorta narrows the aortic valve to enable a smooth blood supply. Symptoms include dog feeling lethargic all the time and having instances of fainting. Again, as this is an inheritable condition, dogs having this should not be bred.

Entropion – This is prone to wrinkle dogs. This is a medical condition when eyelids rolls inwards and starts to irritate. Surgery may be required for correcting this. If not treated, this may lead to blindness.

Skin Allergies – Bullmastiff are prone to skin problems like rashes, sores, and irritations. They may also get the skin infection easily. Keep an eye for any rashes on his skin.

bulldog mastiff mix

Interesting fact about Bullmastiff origin

In a dog show in 1901, Mr. Burton of Thorneywood Kennels, challenged that if any one can escape the dog which he has brought, he will win a prize of Pound one, a good sum of money in those days.

An experienced man took that challenge for some harsh consequences. Despite him being given a head start, he was chased and knocked down by the dog three times. This increased the popularity of the English Bulldog Mastiffs.

Famous English Bulldog Mastiffs

Sylvester Stallone adopted a Bullmastiff named Butkus when he was six weeks old.

Pros and Cons of English Bulldog Mastiffs

Require less maintenancethough they don’t shed mush but drools a lot. Prepare to clean the floor often.
An excellent Guard dogprone to heat exhaustion

English bulldog mastiff mix parentage

Bullmastiff are cross breeds of large English mastiffs and firm, agile old English Bulldogs. Let us also explore briefly about their parent breeds.

English Mastiff:

English Mastiff or Mastiff are known for their massive size and muscular body. They can become larger than the humans. Though great danes can be slightly longer but mastiffs like English Mastiffs outdo when it comes to size.

They usually weigh around 150 to 250 pounds but few can reach upto a massive weight of 300 pounds or more. Thus they are not the dogs for novice or first time owners.

Old English Bulldog:

Old English Bull dogs are extinct now. They used to be broad, agile, muscular and confident dogs averaging around 15 inches in height. They were revered for the fights and frequently participated in the English blood sport of bull-baiting.

With the passage of the Animal Cruelty bill in year 1835 and cross breeds with terrier and mastiffs becoming more popular this breed started to decline and eventually got extinct.


🐶 Is Bullmastiff a good family dog?

Bullmastiff are gentle and good natured with the family and are good as family dogs though they are not recommended for families having small children.

🐕 Is Bullmastiff dangerous?

Bullmastiff are large, strong and powerful dog. If they are not trained properly, they can become very aggressive specially to dogs of same sex.

🐶 Is Bullmastiff a good guard dog?

Yes, Bullmastiff are excellent guard dogs. They are gentle and loving with the family but can be very protective of their family.

🐕 How big does a Bullmastiff grow?

A full grown English Bulldog Mastiff can grow to a height of 25 to 27 inches with weight averaging around 110 to 130 pounds.


  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullmastiff
  2. http://images.akc.org/pdf/breeds/standards/Bullmastiff.pdf

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